Ricardo F. Muñoz, Ph.D.

Professor of Psychology, Emeritus
University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine
Department of Psychiatry, Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital

Distinguished Professor of Clinical Psychology and
Founding Director, Institute for International Internet Interventions for Health (i4Health)
Palo Alto University

Adjunct Clinical Professor
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Stanford University

Affiliated Faculty, Clinical Science Program
Department of Psychology
University of California, Berkeley

[email protected]
(415) 206-5214 (voice)
(415) 206-8942 (fax)
Box 0852, UCSF; San Francisco, CA 94143-0852


Stanford University, Stanford, CA, AB, 1972, Psychology
University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, MA, 1975, Clinical Psychology
University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, PhD, 1977, Clinical Psychology

Professional Experience

1977-present    Assistant Professor to Professor, UC San Francisco, Dept of Psychiatry, SFGH
1985-1990        Founding Director, Depression Clinic, San Francisco General Hospital (SFGH)
1987-present    Chief Psychologist, San Francisco General Hospital
1992-present    Director, UCSF Clinical Psych Training Program (clinical/research fellowship)
1993-present    Director, UCSF/SFGH Latino Mental Health Research Program

Selected Academic Honors and Awards

1972 Phi Beta Kappa; A.B. with Distinction & Departmental Honors in Psychology (Stanford)
1983-1994 National Institute of Mental Health, Member of various Review Groups
1984 Health Promotion Award, Nat'l Coalition of Hispanic Mental Health & Human Services Organizations
1988 Fellow, American Psychological Association (Divisions 27 and 45)
1991 Martin Luther King, Jr. Award, University of California, San Francisco
1992-1994 Institute of Medicine, Member, Committee on Prevention of Mental Disorders
1994 Fellow, American Psychological Society
1994 Lela Rowland Prevention Award, National Mental Health Association
1991-1996 Institute of Medicine, Board Member, Div. of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention
2001 George Sarlo Teaching Award, Department of Psychiatry, UCSF
2001 National Institute of Mental Health, Co-chair: Psychosocial Intervention Development Workgroup Breaking Ground, Breaking Through: Developing a Strategic Plan For Mood Disorders Research
2001- present National Depressive and Manic-Depressive Association: Scientific Advisory Board
2003- present Editorial Board, Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
2010 UCSF Postdoctoral Scholars Association Outstanding Faculty Mentorship Award
2010 Inducted into the Stanford Multicultural Alumni Hall of Fame
2011 International Society for Research on Internet Interventions (ISRII) Award for achievement in international research, Sydney, Australia. April, 2011
2011 Honorary Member, Colegio de Psicólogos del Perú [College of Psychologists of Perú]
2011 Doctor Honoris Causa, Universidad de Ricardo Palma, Lima, Perú. [Honorary Doctorate, Ricardo Palma University, Lima, Perú]
Invited Speaker: Chile, Finland, Perú, Puerto Rico, Mexico, The Netherlands, Spain, New Zealand
2016 Elected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
2017 Appointed to National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine consensus study Committee on Fostering Healthy Mental, Emotional, and Behavioral Development Among Children and Youth
2018 Outstanding Mentor Award, Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies
Intervention manuals have been adopted widely, and translated to: Spanish, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, German, Norwegian, Persian, Greek, and Finnish

Selected Books

  • Muñoz RF, Snowden LR, Kelly, JG, et al. (1979). Social and psychological research in community settings: Designing and conducting programs for social and personal well-being. SF: Jossey-Bass.
  • Muñoz RF (Ed., 1987). Depression prevention: Research directions. Washington, DC: Hemisphere.
  • Lewinsohn PM, Muñoz RF, Youngren MA & Zeiss A (1992). Control Your Depression. NY: Fireside Books.
  • Muñoz RF & Ying YW (1993). The Prevention of Depression. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Miller WR & Muñoz RF (Second edition, 2013). Controlling Your Drinking. (NY: Guilford).

Selected Publications

PubMed List Link

  • Muñoz RF (1993). The prevention of depression: Current research and practice. Applied & Preventive Psychology, 2, 21-33.
  • Hall SM, Muñoz RF & Reus VI (1994). Cognitive-behavioral intervention increases abstinence rates for depressive-history smokers. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62(1), 141-146.
  • Muñoz RF, Hollon SD, McGrath E, Rehm LP & VandenBos GR (1994). On the AHCPR Depression in Primary Care Guidelines: Further considerations for practitioners. American Psychologist, 49(1), 42-61.
  • Muñoz RF, Ying YW, Bernal G, Perez-Stable EJ, Sorensen JL, Hargreaves WA, Miranda J & Miller LS (1995). Prevention of depression with primary care patients: A randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Community Psychology, 23(2), 199-222.
  • Miranda J, Azocar F, Organista KC, Muñoz RF & Lieberman AF (1996). Recruiting and retaining low-income Latinos in psychotherapy research. J Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64(5), 868-874.
  • Muñoz RF, Mrazek PJ & Haggerty RJ (1996). Institute of Medicine Report on Prevention of Mental Disorders: Summary and commentary. American Psychologist, 51, 1116-1122.
  • Muñoz RF, Van-Oss Marin, B, Posner SF & Perez-Stable EJ (1997). Mood management mail intervention increases abstinence rates for Spanish-speaking Latino smokers. Am J Community Psychology,25(3),325-43.
  • Muñoz RF, McQuaid JR, González G, Dimas J & Rosales V (1999). Depression screening in a women's clinic: Using automated Spanish- and English-language voice recognition. J of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 67(4), 502-10.
  • Tsoh JY, Humfleet GL, Muñoz RF, Reus VI, Hartz DT & Hall SM (2000). Development of major depression after treatment for smoking cessation. American Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 368-74.
  • Muñoz RF, Le HN & Ghosh Ippen C (2000). We should screen for major depression. Applied and Preventive Psychology, 9, 143-52.
  • Hall SM, Humfleet GL, Reus VI, Muñoz RF, Hartz D, & Maude-Griffin R (2002). Psychological intervention and antidepressant treatment in smoking cessation. Archives of General Psychiatry, 59, 930-936.
  • Hollon, S. D., Muñoz, R. F., Barlow, D. H., Beardslee, W., Bell, C. C., Bernal, G., Clarke, G. N., Franciosi, L. P., Kazdin, A. E., Kohn, L., Linehan, M. M., Markowitz, J. C., Miklowitz, D. J., Persons, J. B., Niederehe, G., & Sommers, D. (2002). Psychosocial Intervention Development for the Prevention and Treatment of Depression: Promoting Innovation and Increasing Access. Biological Psychiatry, 52, 610-630.
  • Muñoz, R. F., Le, H. N., Clarke, G., & Jaycox, L. (2002). Preventing the onset of major depression. In I. H. Gotlib & C. L. Hammen (Eds.). Handbook of Depression (pp. 343-359). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
  • Le, H. N., Muñoz, R. F., Ghosh Ippen, C., & Stoddard, J. (2003, September 15). Treatment is not enough: We must prevent major depression in women. Prevention & Treatment, 6, Article 10. Retrieved October 16, 2003.
  • Lenert, L., Muñoz, R. F. , Stoddard, J. L., Delucchi, K., Bansod, A., Skoczen, S., & P.rez-Stable, E. J. (2003). Design and pilot evaluation of an Internet smoking cessation program. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 10(1), 16-20.
  • Haas AL, Muñoz RF, Humfleet GL, Reus VI, Hall SM (2004). Influences of mood, depression history, and treatment modality on outcomes in smoking cessation. J Consult Clin Psychol.; 72(4):563-70.
  • Le HN, Muñoz RF, Soto J, Delucchi K, & Ghosh Ippen C (2004). Identification of risk for onset of major depressive episodes during pregnancy and postpartum. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 26(4), 463-482.
  • Urizar GG Jr, Milazzo M, Le HN, Delucchi K, Sotelo R, Muñoz RF (2004). Impact of stress reduction instructions on stress and cortisol levels during pregnancy. Biol Psychol.; 67(3):275-82.
  • Lenert L, Muñoz RF, Perez JE, Bansod A (2004). Automated e-mail messaging as a tool for improving quit rates in an internet smoking cessation intervention. J Am Med Inform Assoc.; 11(4):235-40. Epub 2004 Apr 2.
  • Hall SM, Humfleet GL, Reus VI, Muñoz RF, Cullen J (2004). Extended nortriptyline and psychological treatment for cigarette smoking. Am J Psychiatry; 161(11):2100-7.
  • Stoddard J, Delucchi K, Muñoz R, Collins N, Stable EP, Augustson E, Lenert L (2005). Smoking cessation research via the internet: a feasibility study. J Health Commun.; 10(1):27-41.
  • Muñoz RF (2005). La depresión y la salud de nuestros pueblos. [Depression and the health of our communities]. Salud Mental, 28(4), 1-9.
  • Muñoz RF and Mendelson T (2005). "Toward evidence-based interventions for diverse populations: The San Francisco General Hospital prevention and treatment manuals". Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 73, 790-799.
  • Muñoz RF, Lenert LL, Delucchi K, Stoddard J, Pérez JE, Penilla C, Pérez-Stable EJ (2006). Toward evidence-based Internet interventions: A Spanish/English Web site for international smoking cessation trials. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 8. 77-87.
  • Muñoz RF, Le HN, Ghosh Ippen C, Diaz MA, Urizar GG, Soto J, Mendelson T, Delucchi K, Lieberman AF (in press). Prevention of postpartum depression in low-income women: Development of the Mamás y Bebés/Mothers and Babies Course. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice.
  • Muñoz, R. F., Le, H.N., Ghosh Ippen, C., Diaz, M.A., Urizar, G.G., Soto, J., Mendelson, T., Delucchi, K., & Lieberman, A.F. (2007). Prevention of postpartum depression in low-income women: Development of the Mamás y Bebés/Mothers and Babies Course. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 14, 70-83. Diaz, M.A., Le, H.N., Cooper, B., & Muñoz, R. F. (2007). Interpersonal factors and perinatal depressive symptomatology in a low-income Latina sample. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 13, 328-336.
  • Huynh Nhu Le, Ramos, M. A., & Muñoz, R. F. (2007). The relationship between alexithymia and perinatal depressive symptomatology. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 62, 215-222.
  • Muñoz, R. F. (2007). ¡Viva George Albee! Journal of Primary Prevention, 28, 41-44.
  • Hall, S.M., Gorecki, J.A., Reus, V.I., Humfleet, G.L., Muñoz, R.F. (2007). Belief about drug assignment and abstinence in treatment of cigarette smoking using nortriptyline. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 9, 467-471.
  • Barrera, A.Z., Torres, L.D., & Muñoz, R.F. (2007). Prevention of depression: The state of the science at the beginning of the 21st Century. International Review of Psychiatry, 19, 655-670.
  • Vázquez, F. L., Muñoz, R. F., Blanco, V., & López, M. (2008). Validation of Muñoz’s Mood Screener in a nonclinical Spanish population. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 24, 57-64.
  • Hall, S.M., Humfleet, G.L., Gorecki, J.A., Muñoz, R.F., Reus, V.I., & Prochaska, J.J. (2008). Older versus younger treatment-seeking smokers: Differences in smoking behavior, drug and alcohol use, and psychosocial and physical functioning. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 10, 463-470. PMID: 18324565
  • Prochaska, J.J. , Hall, S.M., Humfleet, G., Muñoz, R., Reus, V. Gorecki, J., & Hu, D. (2008). Physical activity as a strategy for maintaining tobacco abstinence. Preventive Medicine, 47, 215-220. PMID: 18572233.
  • Hall, S.M., Humfleet, G.L., Muñoz, R.F., Reus, V.I., Robbins, J.A., Prochaska. J.J. (2009). Extended treatment of older cigarette smokers. Addiction, 104, 1043-1052.
  • Barrera, A. Z., Pérez-Stable, E. J., Delucchi, K., & Muñoz, R. F. (2009). Global reach of an Internet smoking cessation intervention among Spanish- and English-Speaking smokers from 157 countries. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 6, 927-940.
  • Cuijpers, P., Muñoz, R. F., Clarke, G., & Lewinsohn, P. M. (2009). Psychoeducational treatment and prevention of depression: The “Coping with Depression” course thirty years later. Clinical Psychology Review, 29, 449-458.
  • Osilla, K. C., Hepner, K. A., Woo, S., Muñoz, R.F., & Watkins, K. (2009). Developing an integrated treatment for substance use and depression using cognitive-behavioral therapy. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment,37, 412-420. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2009.04.006
  • Lawhon, D., Humfleet, G. L., Hall, S. M., Victor I. Reus, & Muñoz, R. F. (2009). Longitudinal analysis of abstinence-specific social support and smoking cessation. Health Psychology, 28, 465-472.
  • Torres, L.D., Barrera, A.Z., Delucchi, K., Penilla, C., Pérez-Stable, E. J., & Muñoz, R. F. (2009). Quitting smoking does not increase the risk of major depressive episodes among users of Internet smoking cessation interventions. Psychological Medicine, 40, 441-449. doi: 10.1017/S0033291709990560
  • Muñoz, R. F., Barrera, A.Z., Delucchi, K., Penilla, C., Torres, L.D., Pérez-Stable, E.J. (2009). International Spanish/English Internet smoking cessation trial yields 20% abstinence rates at one year. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 11, 1025-1034.
  • Bränstrom, R., Penilla, C., Pérez-Stable, E. J., & Muñoz, R. F. (2010). Positive affect and mood management in successful smoking cessation. American Journal of Health Behavior, 34, 553-562.
  • Le, H-N., Zmuda, J., Perry, D. F., & Muñoz, R. F. (2010). Transforming an evidence-based intervention to prevent perinatal depression for low-income Latina immigrants. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 30, 34-45.
  • Aguilera, A., Garza, M., & Muñoz, R. F. (2010). Group cognitive-behavioral therapy for depression in Spanish: The San Francisco General Hospital Manuals in practice. Journal of Clinical Psychology: In Session, 66, 857-867.
  • Muñoz, R. F., Cuijpers, P., Smit, F., Barrera, A.Z., & Leykin, Y. (2010). Prevention of major depression. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 6, 181-212.
  • Muñoz, R. F. (2010). Using evidence-based Internet interventions to reduce health disparities worldwide. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 12(5):e60. PMID: 21169162.
  • Dimidjian, S., Barrera, M., Martell, C., Muñoz, R. F., & Lewinsohn, P.M. (2011). The origins and current status of behavioral activation treatments for depression. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 7, 1-38. doi: 10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032210-104535
  • Muñoz, R. F., Beardslee, W. R., & Leykin, Y. (2012). Major depression can be prevented. American Psychologist, 67, 285-295. doi: 10.1037/a0027666
  • Muñoz, R.F., Aguilera, A., Schueller, S.M., Leykin, Y., Pérez-Stable, E.J. (2012). From online randomized controlled trials to participant preference studies: Morphing the San Francisco Stop Smoking Site into a worldwide smoking cessation resource. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 14(3), e64. doi:10.2196/jmir.1852
  • Leykin, Y., Muñoz, R. F. & Contreras, O. (2012). Are consumers of Internet health information “cyberchondriacs”? Characteristics of 24,965 users of a depression screening site. Depression and Anxiety. 29, 71-77. PMID: 21681872
  • Hilton, J. F., Barkoff, L., Chang, Olivia, Ratanaeongsa, N., Sarkar, U., Leykin, Y., Muñoz, R. F., Thom, D. H., & Kahn, J. A. (2012). A cross-sectional study of barriers to personal health record use among patients attending a safety-net clinic. PLoS One, 7, e31888. PMID: 2236376
  • Leykin, Y., Thekdi, S. M., Shumay, D. M., Muñoz, R. F., Riba, M., & Dunn, L. B. (2012). Internet interventions for improving psychological well-being in psycho-oncology: Review and recommendations. Psycho-Oncology. 21, 1016-25. PMID: 21608075
  • Aguilera, A., Leykin, Y., Adler, N. E., & Muñoz, R. F. (2012). Assessing the impact of relative social position and absolute community resources on depression and obesity among smokers. American Journal of Community Psychology, 50, 211-6. PMID: 22278773
  • Geraghty, A. W. A., Torres, L. D., Leykin, Y., & Muñoz, R. F., (2013). Understanding attrition from international internet health interventions: A step towards global eHealth. Health Promotion International, 28, 442-452. PMID: 22786673
  • Schueller, S. M., Leykin, Y., Pérez-Stable, E. J., & Muñoz, R. F. (2013). Selection of intervention components in an Internet Stop Smoking participant preference trial: Beyond randomized controlled trials. Psychiatry Research, 205, 159-64. PMID: 22985547
  • Leykin, Y., Aguilera, A., Pérez-Stable, E. J., & Muñoz, R. F. (2013). Prompting depression treatment seeking among smokers: A comparison of participants from six countries in an internet stop smoking RCT. Journal of Technology in Human Services, 31, 238-247.
  • Muñoz, R. F., Chen, K., Bunge, E. L., Bravin, J. I., Shaughnessy, E. A., & Pérez-Stable, E. J. (2014). Reaching Spanish-speaking smokers online: a 10-year worldwide research program. Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, 35(5-6), 407-414.
  • Gross, M. S., Liu, N. H., Muñoz, R. F., Contreras, O., & Leykin, Y. (2014). Using Google AdWords for international multilingual recruitment to health research websites. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 16, e18. PMID: 24446166
  • Gill, S., Contreras, O., Muñoz, R. F., & Leykin, Y. (2014). Participant retention in an automated online monthly depression rescreening program: patterns and predictors. Internet Interventions, 1, 20-25. PMID: 25045623
  • Liu, N. H., Contreras, O., Muñoz, R. F., & Leykin, Y. (2014). Assessing suicide attempts and depression among Chinese speakers over the internet. Crisis. 35, 322-329. PMID: 25115490
  • Bravin, J. I., Bunge, E. L., Evare, B., Wickham, R. E., Pérez-Stable, E. J., & Muñoz, R. F. (2015). Socioeconomic predictors of smoking cessation in a worldwide online smoking cessation trial. Internet Interventions, 2(4), 410–418.http://doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2015.10.001
  • Leykin, Y., Muñoz, R. F., Contreras, O., Latham, M. D. (2014). Results from a trial of an unsupported internet intervention for depressive symptoms. Internet Interventions, 1(7), 175-181. doi:10.1016/j.invent.2014.09.002
  • Muñoz, R. F. Sorensen, J. L., Areán, P. A., Lieberman, A., Fields, A., Gruber, V. A, Hall, S. M, Kramer, J. M., Leykin, Y. McBurnett, K., McQuaid, J. R., Pfiffner, L. J., Prochaska, J. J., Scheidt, S. D., Shumway, M., Tsoh, J. Y., van Horn, P., Sosa, H., & McNiel, D. E. (2015). Scientist–Practitioner Training at the Internship and Postdoctoral Level: Reflections Over Three Decades. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 9, 105.
  • Bunge, E., Williamson, R. E., Cano, M., Leykin, Y., Muñoz, R. F. (2016). Mood management effects of brief unsupported Internet interventions. Internet Interventions. 5, 36-43.
  • Rutter, T. M., Gross, M. S., Barakat, S., Dilley, J. W., Muñoz, R. F., & Leykin, Y. (2016). Sexual orientation and help-seeking for symptoms of depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 206, 87-93.
  • Bunge, E. L., Williamson, R. E., Cano, M., Leykin, Y., & Muñoz, R. F. (2016). Mood management effects of brief unsupported internet interventions. Internet Interventions, 5, 36-43.
  • Muñoz, R. F., Bunge, E. L., Barrera, A. Z., Wickham, R. E., & Lee, J. (2016). Using Behavioral Intervention Technologies to Help Low-Income and Latino Smokers Quit: Protocol of a Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Research Protocols, 5(2):e127) doi:10.2196/resprot.5355
  • Muñoz, R. F., Bunge, E. L., Chen, K., Schueller, S. M., Bravin, J. I., Shaughnessy, E. A., & Pérez-Stable, E. J. (2016). Massive Open Online Interventions: A novel model for delivering behavioral-health services worldwide. Clinical Psychological Science, 4, 194–205.
  • Muñoz, R.F., & Bunge, E.L. (2016). Let’s Prevent Depression Worldwide: A Wake Up Call. The Lancet Psychiatry. 3(4), 306.
  • Geraghty, A. W., Muñoz, R. F., Yardley, L., Mc Sharry, J., Little, P., Moore, M. (2016). Developing an Unguided Internet-Delivered Intervention for Emotional Distress in Primary Care Patients: Applying Common Factor and Person-Based Approaches. Journal of Medical Internet Research: Mental Health, 3(4): e53. DOI: 10.2196/mental.5845; PMID: 27998878
  • Bunge, E. L., Beard, C. L., Stephens, T. N., Leykin, Y., & Muñoz, R. F. (2017). Mood management effects of a brief behavioral activation Internet intervention. Journal of Technology and Behavioral Science, published online 28 November, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1007/s41347-017-0026-2.
  • Muñoz, R. F. (2017). The efficiency model of support and the creation of digital apothecaries. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 24, 46-49. doi:10.1111/cpsp.12174
  • Ebert, D. D., Cuijpers, P., Muñoz, R. F., & Baumeister, H. (2017) Prevention of mental health disorders using Internet- and mobile-based interventions: A narrative review and recommendations for future research. Frontiers of Psychiatry, 8, 1-16. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00116
  • Gill, S. K., Muñoz, R. F., & Leykin, Y. (2017). The influence of perceived stress and depression on suicide-related beliefs in Caucasian and Indian adults. Crisis, https://doi.org/10.1027/0227-5910/a000492
  • Muñoz, R. F., Leykin, Y., Barrera, A. Z., Brown, C. H., & Bunge, E. L. (2017). The impact of phone calls on follow-up rates in an online depression prevention study. Internet Interventions, 8, 10-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2017.02.001
  • Muñoz RF, Chavira DA, Himle JA, Koerner K, Muroff J, Reynolds J, Rose ED, Ruzek JI, Teachman BA, Schueller SM. Digital apothecaries: a vision for making health care interventions accessible worldwide. mHealth 2018;4:18. doi: 10.21037/mhealth.2018.05.04
  • Naushad, N., Dunn, L. B., Muñoz, R. F., & Leykin, Y. (in press). Depression increases subjective stigma of chronic pain. Journal of Affective Disorders.
  • Bunge, E. L., Taylor, L. A., Bond, M., Stephens, T. N., Nishimuta, K., Barrera, A. Z., Wickham, R., & Muñoz, R. F.. (2019). Facebook for recruiting Spanish- and English-speaking smokers. Internet Interventions, 17 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2019.02.002)